Kotor, Montenegro

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Located along one of Montenegro's most beautiful bays is Kotor, a city of traders and famous sailors, with many stories to tell.

Founded by the Romans on the Adriatic coast in Montenegro, Kotor converted in the middle Ages into an important commercial and artistic center with its own famous schools of masonry and iconography. Throughout the centuries, many empires battled for control of the city. In the 10 th century it was an autonomous city of the Byzantine Empire. From 1186 to 1371 it was a free city of medieval Serbia. It was under Venetian and Hungarian control for brief periods, an independent republic from 1395 to 1420, and then returned to Venetian control once again. French occupation from 1807 to 1914 was followed by Austrian rule until 1918, when Kotor finally became part of Yugoslavia. Throughout its turbulent history, a variety of buildings have been erected.

Kotor Bay - Kotor, Montenegro The Old City of Kotor is a well preserved urbanization typical of the middle Ages, built between the 12 th and 14 th century. Medieval architecture and numerous monuments of cultural heritage have made Kotor a UNESCO listed “World Natural and Historical Heritage Site".

Kotor's Fortifications

The fortifications of Kotor are an integrated historical fortification system that protected the medieval town of Kotor containing ramparts, towers, citadels, gates, bastions, forts, cisterns, a castle, and ancillary buildings and structures. They incorporate military architecture of Illyricum, Byzantium, Venice, and Austria. Together with the old town and its natural surroundings the fortifications were inscribed in the list of World Heritage Sites in 1979.

Kotor's Fortifications - Kotor, Montenegro Kotor's Fortifications - Kotor, Montenegro

The Sea Gate, main entrance to the old city.

The Sea Gate - Kotor, Montenegro The Sea Gate - Kotor, Montenegro

Through the entire city the buildings are criss-crossed with narrow streets and squares.

Narrow Streets - Kotor, Montenegro Narrow Streets - Kotor, Montenegro

The most iconic of Kotor’s sites can be found within the Square of Arms, the city’s largest square situated on west side of the city.

The Square of Arms - Kotor, Montenegro The Square of Arms - Kotor, Montenegro

The imposing clock tower, former arsenal and Napoleon’s Theatre is also situated there.

The Clock Tower - Kotor, Montenegro The Clock Tower - Kotor, Montenegro

Cathedral of St. Tryphon

The largest and most church is the St Tryphon Cathedral. The original church was constructed in the 8 th century, according to the annals of the Byzantine Emperor. A new church, built in 1166, was subsequently damaged during the 1667 earthquake and then restored. This 12th century church is the most important church in Kotor. Built in honor of the town's patron saint, it has two recognizable bell towers and dominates St. Tryphon's Square.

St Tryphon Cathedral - Kotor, Montenegro St Tryphon Cathedral - Kotor, Montenegro

Pima Palace

A detailed example of Renaissance and Baroque style architecture in Kotor, Pima Palace occupies a prime spot on Flour Square. Pima Palace dates from
the 17th century Beskuca Palace can be found near the main square. Its gothic portal depicts the crest of the Byzantine family, a noble family of Kotor.

Pima Palace - Kotor, Montenegro Pima Palace - Kotor, Montenegro

Bay of Kotor

Kotor is built on the Bay of Kotor . It acts as Kotor's passage to the sea and can be viewed best from Kotor's fortifications or another elevated position.

The Bay of Kotor - Kotor, Montenegro The Bay of Kotor - Kotor, Montenegro

Church of Our Lady of Remedy and St. John's Fortress

The Church of Our Lady of Remedy and St. John's Fortress at the top of the mountain with the same name may not be easily visited, especially if you are
short on time.
St John Castle and Church of Our Lady of Remedy - Kotor, Montenegro

The Church of Our Lady of Remedy dates from 1518 and it was built by those who survived the plague in the 14 th century. However, you can peer through the mist that sometimes surrounds the mountain and identify this church and the crumbing structure of the fortress.

The Church of Our Lady of Remedy - Kotor, Montenegro The Church of Our Lady of Remedy - Kotor, Montenegro

The top of the mountain of St. John was already fortified during Illyrian time. In the 6 th century the emperor Justinian I reconstructed the fortress.
With the retreat of the Byzantines, eventually and in spite of numerous incursions some independence was attained, however this had no lasting effects upon the fortifications. This changed when in 1420 the then independent Republic of Cattaro (today – Kotor) succumbed to Venetian rule. As part of Albania Veneta the fortifications received their current structure.

 St John Fortress - Kotor, Montenegro  St John Fortress - Kotor, Montenegro
The St John Fortress - Kotor, Montenegro The St John Fortress - Kotor, Montenegro The St John Fortress - Kotor, Montenegro

It’s a surreal experience to stand in a place that has been continuously inhabited for at least 3,000 years.
Kotor is an amazing place, definitely worth a visit!

Official Website


Map of Kotor, Montenegro

Kotor, Montenegro

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