La Valletta, Malta

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La Valletta

The Maltese Islands are positively mythic with Megaliths, medieval dungeons and Calypso's Cave . The narrow streets of their towns and villages are crowded with Renaissance cathedrals and Baroque palaces. As the countryside is dotted with the oldest known human structures in the world, the Islands have rightly been described as an open-air museum.

La Valletta, Malta La Valletta, Malta

The Maltese archipelago is situated at the centre of the Mediterranean, with Malta 93 km south of Sicily and 288 km north of Africa. The archipelago consists of three islands: Malta, Gozo and Comino. The largest island and also cultural, commercial and administrative centre is Malta. The second largest island and more rural is Gozo, Comino is largely uninhabited.
Although small, Malta has a long and rich history.

La Valletta, Malta La Valletta

Malta’s capital, covering an area of less than one square kilometer, is brimming with history, splendid Baroque architecture, squares and alleys, traditional wooden balconies, monuments, museums, palaces, forts, bastions, churches and more than its fair share of restaurants, cafés and shops.
La Valletta, Malta La Valletta, Malta
The Grand Harbor is one of the world’s largest and deepest natural harbors and has played a central role in Maltese history since the Phoenician times.

On its shoreline just beneath the capital’s fortifications, is the redeveloped Pinto Wharf, now renamed to the Valletta Waterfront.
Grand Harbor, La Valletta, Malta

Fort Saint Elmo is a fortification in Valletta, Malta. It stands on the seaward shore of the Sciberras Peninsula that divides Marsamxett Harbour from Grand Harbor, and commands the entrances to both harbors. Prior to the arrival of the Knights of Malta in 1530, a watchtower existed on this point. Reinforcement of this strategic site commenced in 1533. By the time of the Ottoman Siege of Malta in 1565, this fortification had been reinforced and extended into a modest star fort.

Fort Saint Elmo, La Valletta, Malta Fort Saint Elmo, La Valletta, Malta

Fort Saint Elmo was the scene of some of the most intense fighting of the siege, and it withstood massive bombardment from Turkish cannon deployed on Mount Sciberras that overlooked the fort and from batteries on the north arm of Marsamextt Harbor, present site of Fort Tigne. The initial garrison of the fort was around one hundred knights and seven hundred soldiers, including around four hundred Italian troops and sixty armed galley slaves.

Since the mid-20th century, Fort Saint Elmo has housed Malta’s police academy.
The original George Cross that was awarded to Malta by King George VI in April 1942, is on display in the National War Museum, which occupies part of the Fort.

Grandmaster's Palace, La Valletta, Malta The Grandmaster’s Palace is a palace erected in Valletta, Malta, in 1571. It currently houses the House of Representatives of Malta and the office of the President of Malta, and is officially referred to as simply The Palace, Valletta. Furthermore, it is an heritage site run by Heritage Malta; therefore it is both a representative in-use building and a cultural site at the same time. he Palace was
one of the first buildings in Valletta. The original building was the house of Eustachio del Monte, a nephew of Grandmaster Jean de la Vallette, founder of the city. This house was purchased and Girolamo Cassar was commissioned to design a palace.

Over the years, the Palace was enlarged and developed by successive Grandmasters to serve as their official residence. At the moment it serves as the office of the Prime Minister.

Upper Barracca Gardens, 200ft/60 m above the fortification, are also must see site. From the gardens, in which there are several statues (including one of Churchill), there are magnificent views of Grand Harbor. Upper Barracca Gardens, La Valletta, Malta

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Map of La Valletta, Malta

La Valletta, Malta

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