Santorini, Greece

Santorini

Santorini, Greece Santorini, Greece

Santorini is an island group, situated in the most southern part of the Cyclades in the Aegean Sea and consists five Islands: Thera, Thirasia, Aspronisi, Palea and Nea Kameni.
Santorini is also considered as one of the most spectacular and stunning landscapes in the whole world, as well as with the extremely beautiful sunsets – a truly surreal experience.

Santorini, Greece The Island is also knows as Thira, but there are other names in the sources, too. The ancient name of the Island was “Strogili” and means “The Round One” – it is an equivalent to the Italian volcanic Island of “Stromboli”, which was also called “Strogili” by ancient Greeks.
Another name was Kalliste – “The Most Beautiful” because of the natural beauty of the Island. The name Thira itself comes from Thiras, son of Autesion, who colonizes the Island together with the Venetians, who ruled the Cyclades from 13th to 15th centuries AD.
Today Thira is more popular as Santorini, which was apparently taken from a chapel in Perissa, dedicated to St. Irene.
The view of the giant Caldera is a fairly good example of the dreadful volcanic activity that had taken place in the past.
The Caldera is circular in shape and it is completely full of water.
In fact this is the only sunken caldera in the world. It looks like a lagoon and the water depth here is more
than 400 meters. The caldera is surrounded by giant cliffs on top of which beautiful villages have been built.
Santorini Caldera

Houses architecture is unique - the slope and hardness of the ground, coupled with the need for material saving, earthquakes and topography, led to the creation of vaulted caves, named “Iposkafa” usually divided in a row of 2-3 rooms with partitions imitating the front walls.

Santorini Houses Santorini Houses

The front openings are the only entries of daylight and fresh air in those deep spaces. The major advantage of the excavated dwellings is their thermal performance, because it is achieved in summer and winter with a reduced need for auxiliary heating which is required mainly to reduce humidity that causes discomfort.
These cave-like structures are particularly earthquake-proof. During recent restoration works, several excavated rooms were found intact, buried behind ruined facades.

Santorini Donkey Transport The major difficulty, even today, has been the transportation of the building materials over cliffs with the only available - donkeys and mules.

Oia, pronounced ‘Ia’, is the most famous of all villages of Santorini.
Oia is situated in the north of the Island, 11 km away from Fira on the top of an impressive cliff and offers a spectacular view over the volcano of Palia and Nea Kameni and the Island of Thirassia. A traditional village with charming houses and narrow streets, blue-domed churches, and sun-bathed verandas. Its streets are full of tourist shops, taverns, cafes, and other shops.

Oia, Santorini - Greece Oia, Santorini - Greece

 Oia is known throughout the world for its quiet life and a fantastic sunset, and is certainly the most beautiful and picturesque village of Santorini.

Sunset in Oia, Santorini Greece Sunset in Oia, Santorini Greece

Fira is Santorini’s capital and is the most important of all villages. It is located at the west side of the Island, 10 km away from the main port, Athinios. Fira has 1600 inhabitants. Perched on the edge of an impressive cliff, at a height of 260 meters, it offers a great panoramic view to the volcano.
The town of Fira is a typical Cycladic village made up of charming white houses with blue windows and doors, separated from each other by small paved streets. Many of its beautiful buildings were date back to the times of the Venetian invasion, including some blue domed churches and sun-bathed verandas that offer an incredible view of the volcano and the sunset.

Fira, Santorini, Greece Fira, Santorini, Greece
Fira, Santorini, Greece Novadays Fira is a busy town. In summer the central streets are crowded and full of all kinds of shops, jewelleries, restaurants, cafes, bars and night clubs. Despite all the tourist traffic concentrated in town, many areas are always quiet. One can find places to relax and enjoy a great view of the Island and the surrounding areas.
Fira also has a port that was the main port of Santorini for many years. Today this port is only used for cruise boats.
Visitors can take boats for a tour of the volcano of Nea and Palia Kameni. Donkeys and mules in Santorini are part of the local charm of the Island and can be a great fun.
They can used to ride to Fira or from Oia Village to Ammoudi Harbour. The other choice is the cable car which travels up the path and in three minutes’ time you can reach the town.
Fira Cable Car, Santorini, Greece

Santorini is incredible – there is no other place with such a charm and an extraordinary landscape. Unforgettable destination!!!

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Official Website

 

Map of Santorini Island, Greece

Santorini Island, Greece

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